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6958

Seaton Burn Colliery

Seaton Burn

55.060569, -1.631295

Opened:

Closed:

1840

1965

Entry Created:

3 Sept 2021

Last Updated:

18 Jul 2023

Reclaimed

Condition:

Owners: 

John Bowes & Co. (1888 - 1938), Hartley Main Collieries Ltd. (1938 - 1947), National Coal Board (1947 -)

Description (or HER record listing)

NEHL - Seaton Burn Colliery was opened in 1840 alongside a number of pitmens cottages to be let by the colliery. The colliery railway of three miles was also erected in the same year as per contemporary newspaper reports, as they were seeking railway contractors to complete the job. This may mean the pit was operating without a direct rail connection for at least a year.

The first reference to coal being sold from the colliery is in 1843, when 200 tons of West Hartley Coal from the pit was saved from the wreck of the Hanover.

The colliery can be seen on Ordnance Survey maps surveyed in 1858, nestled between the terraces of Seaton Burn. By this point there was a single track railway leading to the river, with at least half a dozen sidings at the complex. The pit village was already quite substantial with a methodist chapel and two sets of pit rows, with the original village to the south with The Bird public house and a Post Office.

At its peak in 1925, over 1200 worked at the site, meaning a high percentage of the local area will have worked at this pit. The environs had also expanded greatly by this time too, with a smithy, relocated mission church, another post office and at least 2 other permanent churches built here.

The pit closed in 1964 under the ownership of the NCB along with the railway. The railway is still traversable for much of its route.

Ordnance Survey, 1921

Ordnance Survey, 1921

Seaton Burn Colliery, 1901. Source: Billy Embleton

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A later shot of Seaton Burn Colliery with pre-nationalisation wagons. Some chaldron waggons are also noted. Source: Northern Mines and Collieries

A later shot of Seaton Burn Colliery with pre-nationalisation wagons. Some chaldron waggons are also noted. Source: Northern Mines and Collieries

Historic Environment Records

Durham/Northumberland: Keys to the Past

Tyne and Wear: Sitelines

HER information as described above is reproduced under the basis the resource is free of charge for education use. It is not altered unless there are grammatical errors. 

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