top of page
full size.png


Montague Main Colliery


54.988013, -1.693005

Francis Pit





Entry Created:

25 Aug 2023

Last Updated:

25 Aug 2023




William Benson & Sons

Description (or HER record listing)

NEHL - The Francis Pit appears to be one of the earlier 18th century Montague Main pits, and stood on what is now Eastbury Avenue. The shaft is illustrated as 'old' by the 1860s, though the shaft mount was still in situ right through to modern housing developments.

Coal from this pit likely used the Kitty's drift underground railway to ship coal to the Tyne, alongside the more well known Caroline Pit and View Pit closer to the Tyne.

1940s aerial imagery shows the site heavily wooded, though an ancillary building was still in situ.

Ordnance Survey, 1864

Ordnance Survey, 1864

The Montague Main Collieries are evident in this aerial pit from the 1940s. The Francis Pit is furthest left in a triangular enclosure. Source: Google Earth

Have we missed something, made a mistake, or have something to add? Contact us

Historic Environment Records

Durham/Northumberland: Keys to the Past

Tyne and Wear: Sitelines

HER information as described above is reproduced under the basis the resource is free of charge for education use. It is not altered unless there are grammatical errors. 


Historic Maps provided by

bottom of page