3 Sept 2021
1 Aug 2023
Nesham Family (1700s - 1819), Earl of Durham (1819 - 1896), Lambton Collieries Ltd. (1896 - 1910s), Lambton & Hetton Collieries Ltd. (1910s)
Description (or HER record listing)
Success Pit was connected to the Lambton Railway by a Wagonway, (SMR 3131). Newbottle Colliery was opened in 1816 and closed in 1956. There were several other pits - Dolly Pit (sunk in 1811), Dorothea Pit (HER 3123), Margaret Pit (HER 3126) and Elizabeth Pit (HER 3136). The colliery was opened by the Nesham family, then taken over in 1819 by the Earl of Durham, and in 1896 by Lambton Colleries Ltd.
The colleries were linked by 18 miles of private railways. There were several disasters - an explosion on 2 June 1815 killed 57, a boiler burst on 7 August 1815, killing 11. There were explosions on 19 October 1821 (killed 6 miners), 19 November 1824 (killed 11) and 15 June 1832 (killed 12).
NEHL - It was a relatively small complex in the Newbottle portfolio. Though the site itself was large, there was just one primary building surrounded by 2 pit ponds and a large heap. Pit rows and a small village - Success, grew around it. Any trace of these rows are now gone. The pit remained in situ disused for a number of decades after use.
The last legacy of the pit is Success Road, which led from the main junction at Philadelphia.
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Historic Environment Records
Durham/Northumberland: Keys to the Past
Tyne and Wear: Sitelines
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