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2743

Wearmouth Colliery

Monkwearmouth, Sunderland

54.914816,-1.388544

Pemberton Main

Redeveloped

Last Updated:

14 Oct 2021

Owners: 

Messrs. Thompson, Pemberton & Co. (1826 - 1847), Messrs. Bell, Stobart & Fenwick (1847 - 1850s), Wearmouth Coal Company (1850s), Wearmouth Coal Co. Ltd (1880 - 1947), National Coal Board (1947 - 1986), British Coal (1986 - 1993)

HER Info

Sunk from 1826 to 1834 to a depth of 1578 feet Wearmouth was one of the pioneering deep mines which penetrated the magnesian limestone strata of the area. It was the deepest mine in the world when it started producing coal in 1835, and was probably the last mine to have a single-cylinder vertical winding engine installed (in 1868). Steam was used at the mine until the 1950s. The 1st edition Ordnance Survey plan shows the colliery linked to Pembertons Drops by a wagonway (HER ref. 2746 and 2745). The mine was still in operation in 1985, having been modernised in the 1960s. Several important 19th century features, including two stone-built horizontal winding engine houses, a heapstead, workshop range and offices survived until the site was demolished for the Stadium of Light Football Ground.

Ordnance Survey, 1898

Ordnance Survey, 1898

'Sketches of The Coal Mines in Northumberland and Durham' T.H.Hair, published in 1844

Wearmouth Colliery, undated. Source: Sunderland Echo

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