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2177

Backworth Colliery

Shiremoor, North Tyneside

55.025881,-1.504531

Algernon Pit

Opened:

1820

Closed:

1966

Redeveloped

Condition:

Last Updated:

15 Apr 2022

Owners: 

Humble, Lamb & Co (1830s), Backworth Colliery Co. (1840s), Waldie & Co. (1850s), Maud, Taylor & Co. (1860s), J. C. Lamb & Co (1880s), Backworth Collieries Ltd. (1890s - 1947), National Coal Board (1947 -)

HER Info (unless otherwise noted)

Shown on the 2nd edition OS mapping with an Aqueduct and two reservoirs. This was opened in c 1820. This had originally been a pumping shaft belonging to the Shiremoor Coal Company. The beam engine was erected in 1875. When the Backworth Company took over ownership in 1896 they deepened the shaft and converted it to coal working by building a horizontal steam winder. In 1927 mechanical mining began at the Maude, Eccles and Algernon pits, displacing pit ponies. Taken over by the National Coal Board in 1947, and closed in 1966.

Ordnance Survey, 1898

Ordnance Survey, 1898

'Sketches of The Coal Mines in Northumberland and Durham' T.H.Hair, published in 1844

Billy Embleton, Flickr

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Site of Algernon Pit, 2022. The main shafts were centred around the building in the bottom right of the image, but no trace can now be seen.

Site of Algernon Pit, 2022. The main shafts were centred around the building in the bottom right of the image, but no trace can now be seen.

Historic Environment Records

Durham/Northumberland: Keys to the Past

Tyne and Wear: Sitelines

HER information as described above is reproduced under the basis the resource is free of charge for education use. It is not altered unless there are grammatical errors. 

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