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P001b

Pelton Colliery

Chester le Street

54.859827, -1.606809

Pelton Fell Colliery

Busty Pit

Opened:

Closed:

19th c

1965

Entry Created:

22 Jan 2022

Last Updated:

12 Jul 2024

Reclaimed

Condition:

Owners: 

Lord Dunsaney & Partners (1869), Mid Durham Coal Co. Ltd. (1929), National Coal Board (1947 -)

Description (or HER record listing)

This colliery is situated about 2 miles west-south-west from Chester-le-Street. It was commenced by Messrs. Kingscote and Co., but is now carried on by James Reed, Esq., and Partners, who have, since they came into possesion, effected many valuable improvements in the concern. The ground was broken for the air-shaft on August 12, 1835. The depth of this shaft is 64 fathoms, and that of the working shaft 52 fathoms. The seam wrought is the Hutton, which is here from 4 feet 4 inches to 4 feet 6 inches thick. The winding engine is of 25 horse power, and the pumping engine 100; but it has not yet been found necessary to exert the whole power of the latter. The coals are transmitted by the Pontop and Shields (the Stanhope and Tyne) Railway, a distance of about 13 miles, to the staiths at South Shields.

Extract from 'Views of the Collieries' (1844), retrieved from Durham Mining Museum

NEHL - Maps indicate this colliery was in situ from at least the mid 1850s. Connecting directly to both directions of the Waldridge Waggonway, it had at least half a dozen sidings with one shaft on its north eastern boundary. Several terraces developed around the pit, as well as The Colliery Hotel near the embankment which took the railway over the Twizell Burn. The burn was culverted under the embankment.

Ordnance Survey, 1890s

Ordnance Survey, 1890s

1940s aerial imagery. Source: Google Earth

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Pelton Fell Colliery, undated. Credit to Tulloch's of Chester le Street, shared by Jon Harle

Pelton Fell Colliery, undated. Credit to Tulloch's of Chester le Street, shared by Jon Harle

Historic Environment Records

Durham/Northumberland: Keys to the Past

Tyne and Wear: Sitelines

HER information as described above is reproduced under the basis the resource is free of charge for education use. It is not altered unless there are grammatical errors. 

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