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Washington Iron Works, coal shafts


54.891122, -1.512511



19th c

19th c

Entry Created:

26 Apr 2024

Last Updated:

26 Apr 2024




Joseph Cook

Description (or HER record listing)

NEHL - Coal was mined at the Washington Iron Works complex between the 1850s and the 1890s as part of the wider manufacturing process. Mining coal at the site likely made producing iron goods a lot cheaper given the constant need for fuel.

The Iron Works were ran by the Cook family, who later lived in nearby North Biddick Hall ( It was established in 1858 and utilised coke ovens nearby, probably with coal from here. They manufactured pit headgear, underground wagons, shovels and hardware for collieries.

There were at least 3 shafts on the north west corner of the site. None of them are visible today, as the A195 Northumberland Way was built on the site.

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Historic Environment Records

Durham/Northumberland: Keys to the Past

Tyne and Wear: Sitelines

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