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Washington Colliery



I Pit





Entry Created:

3 Sept 2021

Last Updated:

15 Aug 2023




W. Russell (1780s), Washington Coal Co. (1850s), William Stobart (1880s), Washington Coal Co. Ltd. (1890s)

Description (or HER record listing)

Washington Colliery, I Pit. This was served by the Washington Wagonway, (HER 2624).

Washington Colliery was opened before 1794. There were nine pits, A-I. Owners were W. Russel Esq., in 1850s Bell and others, then Bell, Kipster & Co, then William Stobart and lastly the Washington Coal Co Ltd.

There were many colliery disasters - on 14 June 1736, 5 miners were killed in an explosion, on 12 February 1796, 6 were killed, 7 on 27 February 1797, 14 on 20 November 1828, 34 on 19 August 1851 and on 31 May 1867 10 miners were killed when a shaft fell down. New offices were opened in 1893. In 1894 900 people worked at the colliery.

In 1901 sinking began to the Harvey seam at a depth of 720 feet. The first 120 feet were quicksands - the first British application of the Poetsch freezing method was used to sink through the sands.

NEHL - The I Pit was located at the Washington Galleries Retail Park, just north of the old Glebe Farm along the Washington waggonway. It featured around half a dozen sidings as well as a pit pond and substantial pit heap. The nearby pit village also included a Wesleyan chapel.

The B Pit was just up the road, and featured an engine house which likely powered the waggonway.

Ordnance Survey 1862

Ordnance Survey 1862

The I Pit was located at the northernmost end of the Galleries, where the larger units are situated.

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Historic Environment Records

Durham/Northumberland: Keys to the Past

Tyne and Wear: Sitelines

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