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tow01a

West Thornley Colliery

Tow Law

54.742289, -1.792189

Opened:

Closed:

1890s

1965

Entry Created:

13 Dec 2022

Last Updated:

13 Dec 2022

Reclaimed

Condition:

Owners: 

Weardale Iron & Coal Co. Ltd., National Coal Board (1947 -)

Description (or HER record listing)

"Coal is wrought in this parish [Thornley] by the Weardale Iron and Coal Company at their West Thornley colliery. Here the same seams are worked as in their Black Prince colliery at Tow Law [Ballarat, Five Quarter, Top Coal, Main Coal], with the addition of the Three Quarter seam, which is met at the depth of 54 feet above the Ballarat, the total depth of the shaft being 25 fathoms. There are about 350 men and boys employed in coal getting and coke making when the pit is in working order."

Whellan's 1894 Directory of County Durham via Durham Mining Museum

NEHL - The pit was substantial in size, with 2 long rows of coke ovens, multiple slag heaps connected to a small tramway to transport the waste. The colliery was directly connected to the Sunnside Branch of the NER.

Ordnance Survey, 1897

Ordnance Survey, 1897

Photograph of West Thornley Colliery with the Black Prince pit heap in the background. Original unknown source.

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Historic Environment Records

Durham/Northumberland: Keys to the Past

Tyne and Wear: Sitelines

HER information as described above is reproduced under the basis the resource is free of charge for education use. It is not altered unless there are grammatical errors. 

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