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bish01a

Newton Cap Colliery

Bishop Auckland

54.672457, -1.688463

Toronto Colliery

Opened:

Closed:

1859

1967

Entry Created:

2 Feb 2023

Last Updated:

26 Jun 2023

Reclaimed

Condition:

Owners: 

W. C. Stobart & Co. (1859), Henry Stobart & Co. (1860s), North Bitchburn Fireclay Co. Ltd. (1937)

Description (or HER record listing)

NEHL - Newton Cap Colliery (or Toronto Colliery) stood north of Bishop Auckland for over 100 years until 1967. It was linked southwards to the Bishop Auckland to Durham railway, featuring at least two lines of coke ovens and a large pit heap in the south west of the pit.

It was intrinsically connected with the village of Toronto which owes its existence to the pit. There was 2 churches and a school. The village still exists. At its peak in the 1910s, 899 people were employed both above and below, which signifies its importance to the area.

Ordnance Survey, 1897

Ordnance Survey, 1897

Photograph of a Newton Cap pit pony pulling a wagon, likely at Toronto village. Unknown original source.

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Historic Environment Records

Durham/Northumberland: Keys to the Past

Tyne and Wear: Sitelines

HER information as described above is reproduced under the basis the resource is free of charge for education use. It is not altered unless there are grammatical errors. 

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