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Jarrow Colliery



Alfred Pit





Entry Created:

3 Sept 2021

Last Updated:

1 Aug 2023




Simon Temple (1803), Thomas & Robert Brown (1820s), Drewitt Brown (1840s), W.Blackett, N. Wood, Anderson & Philipson (1850s)

Description (or HER record listing)

Jarrow Colliery, was connected to Jarrow Staith (SMR 2260) by a wagonway (SMR 2259). The first edition OS mapping shows the extents of the spoil heaps. Jarrow Colliery was opened in 1803 by Simon Temple who leased the coal royalties from the Dean and Chapter of Durham Cathedral.

Subsequent owners included Thomas and Robert Brown, D. Brown, W. Blackett and N. Wood, Anderson and Philipson (1850s). Several explosions - 25 September 1817, 6 were killed; 17 January 1826, 42 were killed; 15 March 1828, 8 were killed; 3 August 1830, 42 were killed; 21 August 1845, 39 were killed. It closed in 1851 after another explosion but was subsequently purchased by the Hetton Coal Company and worked from their other pits.

NEHL - Simon Temple is also known for operating a number of shipyards at South Shields and Jarrow. The pit is extant on the 1850s map featuring a double track waggonway to staiths on the Tyne. The colliery was surrounding by a number of pit rows featuring a Salem chapel, Methodist chapel and smithy. The site is vacant by the 1890s, though a coal pit is located directly west from the smithy.

Ordnance Survey, 1862

Ordnance Survey, 1862

Jarrow Colliery, 1840 by Thomas Hair

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Historic Environment Records

Durham/Northumberland: Keys to the Past

Tyne and Wear: Sitelines

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