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Wallsend Colliery



Wall Laws, Russells Wallsend

B Pit





Entry Created:

3 Sept 2021

Last Updated:

17 Jul 2023




William Russell, Losh Wilson Bell & Co.

Description (or HER record listing)

Wall Laws or Wallsend Colliery B Pit was sunk shortly after A Pit (which was sunk in 1780).

By 1802 six interconnected shafts had been sunk in the Wallsend area. The renowned mining engineers, John Buddle senior and junior, were successive viewers or managers of the Wallsend Colliery. By the 1830s the mine was in decline, suffering badly from flooding.

The last B Pit structures had been demolished by the 1850s although the shaft remained open for ventilation until 1969 (after 1908 as an air shaft for the Rising Sun Colliery). During excavation in 1997 a number of features were revealed adjacent to the B Pit shaft, the concrete cap of which is still present, but little trace of the engine house was found, suggesting that it was mostly of timber construction.

NEHL - There was also a short timber waggonway from here to the river, that also used Losh rails at a later point. It was in operation from 1783, though the exact route isn't known. Steam Elephant, a Heaton Colliery engine, may have worked here.

Ordnance Survey, 1860s

Ordnance Survey, 1860s

Remains of the B Pit near Segedunum. Hadrians Wall ran directly south of these buildings. The capped shaft can be seen on the left, which was reopened for ventilation until 1969.

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A second view of the preserved foundations of the pit.

A second view of the preserved foundations of the pit.

Historic Environment Records

Durham/Northumberland: Keys to the Past

Tyne and Wear: Sitelines

HER information as described above is reproduced under the basis the resource is free of charge for education use. It is not altered unless there are grammatical errors. 


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